Experimental Analysis on Safety System of a Simulated Small Scale Pressurized Water Reactor System with Intelligent Control
Reactors are widely used in the nuclear power plant due to the rapid demand for electricity by reducing the greenhouse effect. However, the effectiveness of the nuclear reactor depends on an adequate safety system. Hence, temperature and heat transfer are two critical parameters for any reactor in operation for which intelligent temperature control with an integrated safety system is essential. Therefore, the present study has emphasized the development of a simulated small-scale water-based reactor with intelligent control and safety system and examined through the analysis of thermal-hydraulic parameters. Radial heat transfer of an electric rod used as fuel in the primary circuit has been analyzed by taking sensor reading in various positions of the core. The developed system is self-controlled with all possible active and passive safety systems. Consecutively, the prototype has also been designed including manual adjustment to ensure a fail-safe environment. The system is capable to operate at temperatures between 80°C and 120°C, although the design can withstand up to 200°C. The data of the experiment are taken under the pressure of 200 kPa at 120°C temperature. Results show that heat output of 2116.09 kJ has been obtained from the system against heat input of 2514.80 kJ, which gives an efficiency around 16% of the developed system.
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