SINGLE ELECTRON TRANSISTOR (SET): OPERATION AND APPLICATION PERSPECTIVES
The concept of miniaturization originated after the deliberation of a talk given by physicist Richard Feynman on 29th
December 1959, led to the development of quantum dot (QD), which is the basic building block of single electron
transistor (SET). SET is a new type of switching device used controlled tunneling of electron to amplify current.
According to Moor’s law, SET may be alternative of complemented metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) device for
the next generation electronic devices and sensors. This is a review article intended to consolidate the knowledge on
the working principle of SET along with relevant other aspects and also highlighting the promising applications with
limitation of implementations in the 21st century in order to reduce power dissipation.
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